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Table of Contents

  1. Preamble
  2. CHAPTER I. THE REPUBLIC
  3. CHAPTER II. CITIZENSHIP
  4. CHAPTER III
  5. PART I. SEYCHELLOIS CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
  6. PART II. FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES
  7. PART III. STATE OF EMERGENCY AND SAVINGS
  8. PART IV. REMEDIES
  9. PART V. PRINCIPLES OF INTERPRETATION
  10. CHAPTER IV. THE PRESIDENT
  11. CHAPTER V. THE EXECUTIVE
  12. CHAPTER VI. LEGISLATURE
  13. PART I. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
  14. PART II. LEGISLATIVE POWER AND ITS EXERCISE
  15. PART III. ALTERATION OF THE CONSTITUTION
  16. PART IV. PROCEDURES IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
  17. PART V. SESSIONS AND DISSOLUTION OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
  18. CHAPTER VII. ELECTORAL AREAS, FRANCHISE AND ELECTORAL COMMISSION
  19. CHAPTER VIII. JUDICIARY
  20. PART I. GENERAL
  21. PART II. COURT OF APPEAL
  22. PART III. SUPREME COURT
  23. PART IV. CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS
  24. PART V. TERMS OF APPOINTMENT OF JUSTICES OF APPEAL AND JUDGES
  25. PART VI. MISCELLANEOUS
  26. CHAPTER IX. CONSTITUTIONAL APPOINTMENTS AUTHORITY
  27. CHAPTER X. OMBUDSMAN
  28. CHAPTER XI. PUBLIC SERVICE APPEAL BOARD
  29. CHAPTER XII. FINANCE
  30. CHAPTER XIII. THE POLICE FORCE
  31. CHAPTER XIV. DEFENCE FORCES
  32. CHAPTER XV. MISCELLANEOUS
  33. CHAPTER XVI. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
  34. SCHEDULE 1
  35. PART I. ISLANDS OF THE SEYCHELLES ARCHIPELAGO
  36. PART II. INNER AND OUTER ISLANDS
  37. SCHEDULE 2. PRINCIPLES OF INTERPRETATION
  38. SCHEDULE 3. ELECTION OF PRESIDENT
  39. SCHEDULE 4. LEGISLATURE: PROPORTIONATELY ELECTED MEMBERS
  40. SCHEDULE 5. OMBUDSMAN
  41. SCHEDULE 6. OATHS
  42. SCHEDULE 7. TRANSITIONAL
  43. PART I. EXISTING OFFICERS AND OFFICES
  44. PART II. FIRST ELECTIONS AND FIRST SITTINGS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
  45. PART III. COMPENSATION FOR PAST LAND ACQUISITIONS
  46. PART IV. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS UNDER THE FOURTH AMENDMENT

Constitution of Seychelles (1993, rev. 2011)

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3Preamble

4We, the People of Seychelles,

5GRATEFUL to Almighty God that we inhabit one of the most beautiful countries in the world;

6EVER MINDFUL of the uniqueness and fragility of Seychelles;

7CONSCIOUS of our colonial history before becoming an Independent Republic;

8AWARE and PROUD that as descendants of different races we have learnt to live together as one Nation under God and can serve as an example for a harmonious multi-racial society;

9HAVING attained national stability and political maturity despite the pressures of a sadly divided world;

10DESIROUS to build a just, fraternal and humane society in a spirit of friendship and co-operation with all peoples of the world;

11RECOGNISING the inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of members of the human family as the foundation for freedom, justice, welfare, fraternity, peace and unity;

12REAFFIRMING that these rights include the rights of the individual to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness free from all types of discrimination;

13CONSIDERING that these rights are most effectively maintained and protected in a democratic society where all powers of Government spring from the will of the people;'

14EXERCISING our natural and inalienable right to a framework of Government which shall secure for ourselves and posterity the blessings of truth, liberty, fraternity, equality of opportunity, justice, peace, stability and prosperity;

15INVOKING the blessings of Almighty God;

16SOLEMNLY DECLARING our unswaying commitment, during this our Third Republic, to

17maintain Seychelles as an independent State both politically and economically;

18safeguard its sovereignty and territorial integrity;

19uphold the rule of law based on the recognition of the fundamental human rights and freedoms enshrined in this Constitution and on respect for the equality and dignity of human beings;

20develop a democratic system which will ensure the creation of an adequate and progressive social order guaranteeing food, clothing, shelter, education, health and a steadily rising standard of living for all Seychellois;

21participate actively in the sustainable economic and social development of our society;

22exercise our individual rights and freedoms with due regard to the rights and freedoms of others and the common interest;

23help preserve a safe, healthy and functioning environment for ourselves and for posterity;

24HEREBY adopt and confer upon ourselves this Constitution as the fundamental and supreme law of our Sovereign and Democratic Republic.

25CHAPTER I. THE REPUBLIC

261. Seychelles is a sovereign democratic Republic.

272. 1. The territory of Seychelles shall consist of-

28a.the islands of the Seychelles Archipelago, as set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1;

29b.the territorial waters and historic waters of Seychelles and the seabed and subsoil under lying those waters;

30c.the airspace above those islands and those waters; and

31d.Such additional areas as may be declared by law to be part of the territory of Seychelles.

322. Notwithstanding clause (1), a law may proclaim complete or partial or partial jurisdiction of the Republic over any other area of land, water or airspace.

333. An Act shall declare the limit of the territorial waters and historic waters of Seychelles and may prescribe the limit of the airspace referred to in clause (1)(c).

343. There shall be a Public Seal, a National Flag, a National Anthem, a National Emblem and a National Motto, each of which shall be as prescribed by an Act.

354. 1. The National languages of Seychelles shall be Creole, English and French

362. Notwithstanding clause (1), a person may use any of the national languages for any purpose but a law may provide for the use of any one or more of the national languages for any specific purpose.

375. This Constitution is the supreme law of Seychelles and any law found to be inconsistent with this Constitution is, to the extent of the inconsistency, void.

386. Schedule 2 shall apply for and with respect to the interpretation of the Constitution.

39CHAPTER II. CITIZENSHIP

407. A person who, immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution, was a citizen of Seychelles by birth, descent, naturalization or registration shall, on and after that date, continue by virtue of this article to be a citizen of Seychelles by birth, descent, naturalization or registration, as the case may be.

418. Subject to article 9, a person born in Seychelles on or after the coming into force of this Constitution, shall become a citizen of Seychelles at the date of birth.

429. 1. A person shall not become a citizen of Seychelles by virtue of article 8 if, at the date of birth, neither of the person's parents is a citizen of Seychelles.

432. A person shall not become a citizen of Seychelles by virtue of article 8 if, at the date of birth, --

44a.either of the person's parents possesses such immunity from suit and legal process as is accorded to an envoy of a foreign sovereign power accredited to Seychelles; or

45b.either of the person's parents is a citizen of a country with which Seychelles is at war and the birth occurs in a place then under occupation by that country, and neither of the person's parents is a citizen of Seychelles.

4610. 1. This article shall apply to a person --

47a.who would not, but for this article, be or become a citizen of Seychelles;

48b.who was born outside Seychelles before Independence Day; and

49c.any one of whose grand parents or parents was born in Seychelles.

502. Subject to any Act, a person to whom this article applies shall be eligible to become a citizen of Seychelles by naturalization or registration.

5110A. A person born outside Seychelles on or after the Independence Day but before the 5th June, 1979 whose mother was a Seychellois at the time of the person's birth is eligible to become a citizen of Seychelles by naturalization or registration.

5211. A person born outside Seychelles on or after the coming into force of this Constitution shall become a citizen of Seychelles at the date of birth if at that date the person's father or mother is a citizen of Seychelles.

5312. 1. A person who, on or after the coming into force of this Constitution, marries another person who is or becomes a citizen of Seychelles shall, subject to any Act, be eligible to become a citizen of Seychelles by naturalization.

542. Clause (1) shall apply to a person who is not a citizen of Seychelles or eligible to become a citizen of Seychelles under article 10 and who, on or after Independence Day, and before the coming into force of this Constitution, married another person who was or became, or who becomes, a citizen of Seychelles, as it applies to a person such as is referred to in clause (1).

5513. 1. Provision may be made by or under an Act --

56a.for the acquisition of citizenship of Seychelles by any person who is not eligible or who is no longer eligible to become a citizen of Seychelles under this Chapter;

57b.for depriving any person of citizenship of Seychelles, if it was unlawfully acquired;

58c.for the renunciation of citizenship of Seychelles by any person; and

59d.for the maintenance of a register of citizens of Seychelles who are also citizens of other countries.

602. A person who is a citizen of Seychelles may concurrently possess the citizenship of another country and a law made for the purposes of clause (1) (a) shall not require, as a condition for the acquisition of citizenship of Seychelles, that a person renounces any other citizenship that the person may possess at the time.

6114. 1. For the purposes of this Chapter-

62a.a person born on a registered ship or aircraft shall be deemed to have been born at the place where the ship or aircraft was registered; and

63b.a person born on an unregistered ship or aircraft belonging to the government of a country shall be deemed to have been born in that country.

642. Any reference in this Chapter to the national status of the father or mother of a person at the time of the birth of that person shall, in relation to a person born after the death of the father or mother, be construed as a reference to the national status of the father or mother at the time of the father's or mother's death; and accordingly, where that death occurred before the coming into force of this Constitution, the national status that the father or mother would have had if he or she had died on the coming into force of this Constitution shall be deemed to be his or her national status at the time of his or her death.

65CHAPTER III

66PART I. SEYCHELLOIS CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

6715. 1. Everyone has a right to life and no one shall be deprived of life intentionally.

682. A law shall not provide for a sentence of death to be imposed by any court.

693. Clause (1) is not infringed if there is a loss of life-

70a.by any act or omission which is made not punishable by any law reasonably justifiable in a democratic society; or

71b.as a result of a lawful act of war.

7216. Every person has a right to be treated with dignity worthy of a human being and not to be subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

7317. 1. Every person has a right not to be held in slavery or bondage.

742. Every person has a right not to be compelled to perform forced or compulsory labour.

753. Labour forced or compelled to be performed pursuant to a law necessary in a democratic society does not infringe clause (2).

7618. 1. Every person has a right to liberty and security of the person.

772. The restriction, in accordance with fair procedures established by law, of the right under clause (1) in the following cases shall not be treated as an infringement of clause (1)-

78a.the arrest or detention in execution of a sentence or other lawful order of a court;

79b.the arrest or detention on reasonable suspicion of having committed or of being about to commit an offence for the purposes of investigation or preventing the commission of the offence and of producing, if necessary, the offender before a competent court;

80c.the arrest or detention to prevent the spread of infectious or contagious diseases which constitute a serious threat to public health;

81d.the arrest or detention for the treatment and rehabilitation of a person who is, or reasonably suspected to be, of unsound mind or addicted to drugs to prevent harm to that person or to the community.

82e.the arrest or detention for the purpose of preventing the unauthorized entry into Seychelles of a person, not being a citizen of Seychelles, or for the purpose of deportation or extradition of that person;

83f.the detention for the rehabilitation and welfare of a minor with the consent of the parent or guardian or of the Attorney-General where such detention is ordered by a competent court.

843. A person who is arrested or detained has a right to be informed at the time of the arrest or detention or as soon as is reasonably practicable thereafter in, as far as is practicable, a language that the person understands of the reason for the arrest or detention, a right to remain silent, a right to be defended by a legal practitioner of the person's choice and, in the case of a minor, a right to communicate with the parent or guardian.

854. A person who is arrested or detained shall be informed at the time of the arrest or detention or as soon as is reasonably practicable thereafter of the rights under clause (3).

865. A person who is arrested or detained, if not released, shall be produced before a court within twenty-four hours of the arrest or detention or, having regard to the distance from the place of arrest or detention to the nearest court or the non-availability of a judge or magistrate, or force majeure, as soon as is reasonably practicable after the arrest or detention.

876. A person charged with an offence has a right to be tried within a reasonable time.

887. A person who is produced before a court shall be released, either unconditionally or upon reasonable conditions, for appearance at a later date for trial or for proceedings preliminary to a trial except where the court, having regard to the following circumstances, determines otherwise-

89a.where the court is magistrates' court, the offence is one of treason or murder;

90b.the seriousness of the offence;

91c.there are substantial grounds for believing that the suspect will fail to appear for the trial or will interfere with the witnesses or will otherwise obstruct the course of justice or will commit an offence while on release;

92d.there is a necessity to keep the suspect in custody for the suspect's protection or where the suspect is a minor, for the minor's own welfare;

93e.the suspect is serving a custodial sentence;

94f.the suspect has been arrested pursuant to a previous breach of the conditions of release for the same offence.

958. A person who is detained has the right to take proceedings before the Supreme Court in order that the Court may decide on the lawfulness of the detention and order the release of the person if the detention is not lawful.

969. Proceedings under clause (8) shall be dealt with as a matter of urgency by the Supreme Court and shall take priority over other proceedings of the Court listed for hearing on that day.

9710. A person who has been unlawfully arrested or detained has a right to receive compensation from the person who unlawfully arrested or detained that person or from any other person or authority, including the State on whose behalf or in the course of whose employment the unlawful arrest or detention was made or from both of them.

9811. A person who has not been convicted of an offence, if kept or confined in a prison or place of detention, shall not be treated as a convicted person and shall be kept away from any convicted person.

9912. An offender or a suspect who is a minor and who is kept in lawful custody or detention shall be kept separately from any adult offender of suspect.

10013. A female offender or suspect who is kept in lawful custody or detention shall be kept separately from any male offender or suspect.

10114. Where a person is convicted of any offence, any period which the person has spent in custody in respect of the offence shall be taken into account by the court in imposing any sentence of imprisonment for the offence.

10215. A person shall not be imprisoned merely on the ground of the inability to fulfill a contractual obligation.

10316. Clause (15) shall not limit the powers of a court under any law in enforcing is orders.

10419. 1. Every person charged with an offence has the right, unless the charge is withdrawn, to a fair hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial court established by law.

1052. Every person who is charged with an offence-

106a.is innocent until the person is proved or has pleaded guilty;

107b.shall be informed at the time the person is charged or as soon as is reasonably practicable, in, as far as is practicable, a language that the person understands and in detail, of the nature of the offence;

108c.shall be given adequate time and facilities to prepare a defence to the charge;

109d.has a right to be defended before the court in person, or, at the person's own expense by a legal practitioner of the person's own choice or, where a law so provides, by a legal practitioner provided at public expense;

110e.has a right to examine, in person or by a legal practitioner, the witnesses called by the prosecution before any court, and to obtain the attendance and carry out the examination of witnesses to testify on the person's behalf before the court on the same conditions as those applying to witnesses called by the prosecution;

111f.shall, as far as is practicable, have without payment the assistance of an interpreter if the person cannot understand the language used at the trial of the charge;

112g.shall not be compelled to testify at the trial or confess guilt;

113h.shall not have any adverse inference drawn from the exercise of the right to silence either during the course of the investigation or at the trial; and

114i.shall, except with the person's own consent, not be tried in the person's absence unless the person's conduct renders the continuance of the proceedings in the person's presence impracticable and the court has ordered the person to be removed and the trial to proceed in the person's absence.

1153. When a person is tried for any offence that person or any other person authorised by that person in that behalf shall, if either of them so requires and subject to payment of such reasonable fee as may be specified by or under any law, be given as soon as is practicable after judgment a copy for the use of that person of any record of the proceedings made by or on behalf of the court.

1164. Except for the offence of genocide or an offence against humanity, a person shall not be held to be guilty of an offence on account of any act or omission that did not, at the time it took place, constitute an offence, and a penalty shall not be imposed for any offence that is more severe in degree or description than the maximum penalty that might have been imposed for the offence at the time when it was committed.

1175. A person who shows that the person has been tried by a competent court for an offence and either convicted or acquitted shall not be tried again for that offence or for any other offence of which the person could have been convicted at the trial for that offence, save upon the order of a superior court in the course of appeal or review proceedings relating to the conviction or acquittal.

1186. A person shall not be tried for an offence if the person shows that the person has been pardoned for that offence in accordance with an Act made pursuant to article 60(2).

1197. Any court or other authority required or empowered by law to determine the existence or extent of any civil right or obligation shall be established by law and shall be independent and impartial; and where proceedings for such a determination are instituted by any person before such a court or other authority the case shall be given a fair hearing within a reasonable time.

1208. Subject to a clause (9), all proceedings of every court and proceedings for the determination of the existence or extent of any civil right or obligation before any court or other authority, including the announcement of the decision of the court or other authority, shall be held in public.

1219. Anything in clause (8) shall not prevent the court or other authority from excluding from the proceedings, except for the announcement of the decision of the court or other authority, persons other than the parties thereto, their legal representatives and legal practitioners to such extent as the court or other authority-

122a.may by law be empowered so to do and may consider necessary in the circumstances where publicity would prejudice the interests of justice, or interlocutory proceedings, or in the interests of public morality, the welfare of persons under the age of eighteen years or the protection of the privacy of persons concerned in the proceedings; or

123b.may by law be empowered or required to do so in interests of defence, public safety or public order.

12410. Anything contained in or done under the authority of any law necessary in a democratic society shall not be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of-

125a.clause (1), (2) (e) or (8), to the extent that the law in question makes necessary provision relating to the grounds of privilege or public policy on which evidence shall not be disclosed or witnesses are not competent or cannot be compelled to give evidence in any proceedings;

126b.clause (2) (a), to the extent that the law in question imposes upon any person charged with an offence the burden of proving particular facts or declares that the proof of certain facts shall be prima facie the offence or of any element thereof;

127c.clause (2) (e), to the extent that the law in question imposes conditions that must be satisfied if witnesses called to testify on behalf on an accused person are to be paid their expenses out of public funds;

128d.clause (5), to the extent that the law in question authorizes a court to try a member of a disciplinary force for an offence notwithstanding any trial and conviction or acquittal of that member under the disciplinary law of that force, so, however, that any court so trying such a member and convicting the member shall in sentencing the person to any punishment take into account any punishment awarded the member under that disciplinary law.

12911. Every person convicted of an offence shall be entitled to appeal in accordance with law against the conviction, sentence and any order made on the conviction.

13012. For the purposes of clause 2(i), a person who has, in accordance with law, been served with a summons or other process requiring the person to appear at the time and place appointed for the trial and who does not so appear shall be deemed to have consented to the trial taking place in the person's absence.

13113. Every person convicted of an offence and who has suffered punishment as a result of the conviction shall, if it is subsequently shown that there has been a serious miscarriage of justice, be entitled to be compensated by the State according to law.

13220. 1. Every person has a right not to be subjected-

133a.without the consent of that person, to the search of the person or property or premises of that person or to the lawful entry by others on the premises of that person;

134b.without the consent of the person or an order of the Supreme Court, to the interception of the correspondence or other means of communication of that person either written, oral or through any medium.

1352. Anything contained in or done under the authority of any law shall not be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of clause (1) (a) to the extent that the law in question makes provision-

136a.that is reasonably required in the interest of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health, the administration of Government, town and country planning, nature conservation and the economic development and well-being of the country;

137b.that is reasonably required for the purpose of protecting the rights or freedoms of other persons;

138c.that authorises an officer or agent of the Government or a local authority, or a body corporate established by law for public purposes, to enter on the premises of any person in order to inspect or value those premises or anything therein for the purpose of any tax, rate, due or duty or in order to carry out work connected with any property that is lawfully on those premises and that belongs to the Government or that authority or body corporate, as the case may be; or

139d.that authorises, for the purpose of enforcing of the judgment or order of a court in any civil proceedings, the search of any person or property by order of a court or the entry upon any premises by such order; except so far as that provision or, as the case may be, the thing done under the authority thereof is shown not to be necessary in a democratic society.

14021. 1. Every person has a right to freedom of conscience and for the purpose of this article this right includes freedom of thought and religion, freedom to change religion or belief and freedom either alone or in community with others and both in public and in private, to manifest and propagate the religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance.

1412. The freedom to manifest and propagate a religion or belief may be subject to such limitations as may be prescribed by a law and necessary in a democratic society-

142a.in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or public health; or

143b.for the purpose of protecting the rights or freedoms of other persons.

1443. A person attending any place of education shall not be compelled to impart or receive religious instruction or to take part in or attend any religious ceremony or observance.

1454. Subject to this Constitution or any other law, a person shall not be compelled to take any oath that is contrary to the religion or belief of that person or to take any oath in a manner that is contrary to that religion or belief.

1465. A person shall not be required to profess any religion as a qualification for public office.

1476. A law shall not make provision for the establishment of any religion or the imposition of any religious observance.

1487. Anything in this article shall not preclude any religious community or denomination from providing religious instruction for persons of that community or denomination in the course of any education provided by that community or denomination.

14922. 1. Every person has a right to freedom of expression and for the purpose of this article this right includes the freedom to hold opinions and to seek, receive and impart ideas and information without interference.

1502. The right under clause (1) may be subject to such restrictions as may be prescribed by a law and necessary in a democratic society-

151a.in the interest of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or public health;

152b.for protecting the reputation, rights and freedoms or private lives of persons;

153c.for preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence;

154d.for maintaining the authority and independence of the courts or the National Assembly. for regulating the technical administration, technical operation, or general efficiency of telephones, telegraphy, posts, wireless broadcasting, television, or other means of communication or regulating public exhibitions or public entertainment; or

155e.for the imposition of restrictions upon public officers.

15623. 1. Every person has a right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association and for the purpose of this article this right includes the right to assemble freely and associate with other persons and in particular to form or to belong to political parties, trade unions or other associations for the protection of the interests of that person and not to be compelled to belong to any association.

1572. The right under clause (1) may be subject to such restrictions as may be prescribed by a law and necessary in a democratic society-

158a.in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or public health;

159b.in respect of the registration of associations or political parties;

160c.for the protection of the right and freedoms of other persons,

161d.for imposition of restrictions-

162i.on persons who are not citizens of Seychelles; or

163ii.on public officers or members of the disciplinary forces.

16424. 1. Subject to this Constitution, every citizen of Seychelles who has attained the age of eighteen years has a right-

165a.to take part in the conduct of public affairs either directly or through freely chosen representatives;

166b.to be registered as a voter for the purpose of and to vote by secret ballot at public elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage;

167c.to be elected to public; office; and

168d.to participate on general terms and equality, in public service.

1692. The exercise of the rights under clause (1) may be- regulated by a law necessary in a democratic society.

17025. 1. Every person lawfully present in Seychelles has a right of freedom of movement and for the purpose of this article this right includes the right to move freely within Seychelles, the right to reside in any part of Seychelles, the right to leave Seychelles and the right not to be expelled from Seychelles.

1712. Every person who is a citizen of Seychelles has a right to enter Seychelles and, subject to clause (3) (d), not to be expelled from Seychelles.

1723. The right under clause (1) may be subject to such restrictions as are prescribed by a law necessary in a democratic society-

173a.in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or public health;

174b.for protecting the rights and freedoms of other persons;

175c.for the prevention of a crime or compliance with an order of a court;

176d.for extradition of persons from Seychelles; or

177e.for lawful removal of persons who are not citizens of Seychelles from Seychelles.

1784. A law providing for the extradition of persons from Seychelles shall not authorise the extradition to a country in respect of an offence punishable with death in that country unless that country undertakes not to carry into effect a sentence of death in respect of the offence.

1795. A law providing for the lawful removal from Seychelles of persons lawfully present in Seychelles shall provide for the submission, prior to removal, of the reasons for the removal and for review by a competent authority of the order of removal.

18026. 1. Every person has a right to property and for the purpose of this article this right includes the right to acquire, own peacefully enjoy and dispose of property either individually or in association with others.

1812. The exercise of the right under clause (1) may be subject to such limitations as may be prescribed by law and necessary in a democratic society-

182a.in the public interest;

183b.for the enforcement of an order or judgment of a court in civil or criminal proceedings;

184c.in satisfaction of any penalty, tax, rate, duty or due;

185d.in the case of property reasonably suspected of being acquired by the proceeds of drug trafficking or serious crime;

186e.in respect of animals found trespassing or straying;

187f.in consequence of a law with respect to limitation of actions or acquisitive prescription;

188g.with respect to property of citizens of a country at war with Seychelles;

189h.with regard to the administration of the property of persons adjudged bankrupt or of persons who have died or of persons under legal incapacity; or

190i.for vesting in the Republic of the ownership of underground water or unextracted oil or minerals of any kind or description.

1913. A law shall not provide for the compulsory acquisition or taking of possession of any property by the State unless-

192a.reasonable notice of the intention to compulsory acquire or take possession of the property and of the purpose of the intended acquisition or taking of possession are given to persons having an interest or right over the property;

193b.the compulsory acquisition or taking of possession is necessary in the public interest for the development or utilization of the property to promote public welfare or benefit or for public defence, safety, order, morality or health or for town and country planning;

194c.there is reasonable justification for causing any hardship that may result to any person who has an interest in or over the property;

195d.the State pays prompt and full compensation for the property;

196e.any person who has an interest or right over the property has a right of access to the Supreme Court whether direct or on appeal from any other authority for the determination of the interest of the interest or right, the legality of the acquisition or taking of possession of the property, the amount of compensation payable to the person and for the purpose of obtaining prompt payment of compensation.

1974. Where the property acquired by the State under this article is not used, within a reasonable time, for the purpose for which it was acquired, the State shall give, to the person who owned it immediately before the acquisition of the property, an option to buy the property.

1985. A law imposing any restriction on the acquisition or disposal of property by a person who is not a citizen of Seychelles shall not be held to be inconsistent with clause (1).

19927. 1. Every person has a right to equal protection of the law including the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms set out in this Charter without discrimination on any ground except as is necessary in a democratic society.

2002. Clause (1) shall not preclude any law, programme or activity which has as its object the amelioration of the conditions of dis-advantaged persons or groups.

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  • Revolution
  • republicanism
  • presidency
  • Oliver Ellsworth
  • record
  • records
  • republican
  • representation
  • slaves
  • states
  • William Jackson
  • Western Territory
  • Virginia Plan
  • taxes
  • taxation
  • three-fifths clause
  • twenty-year compromise
  • vice president
  • U.S. Supreme Court
  • North Carolina
  • new states
  • delegates
  • Delaware
  • contract clause
  • Dred Scott
  • due process
  • Elbridge Gerry
  • economics
  • Congress
  • confederation
  • Antifederalist
  • anti-slavery
  • Articles of Confederation
  • Bill of Rights
  • confederacy
  • compromise
  • electoral college
  • failures
  • Luther Martin
  • legislature
  • judicial branch
  • Magna Carta
  • morality
  • New Jersey Plan
  • navigation acts
  • journal
  • John Dickinson
  • Federalist
  • federalism
  • General Pinckney
  • George Washington
  • James Madison
  • international trade
  • 3/5 clause
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