1The following text is from the Constitute Project, who through a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License, has generously made this content available for use for noncommercial purposes. Follow (right-click) the links and read the annotation to learn more. 1
362. The Slovak Republic may, by international treaty, which was ratified in the manner specified by law, or on the basis of this treaty transfer the implementation of its rights to the European Communities and the European Union. Legally binding acts of the European Communities and the European Union have precedence over the laws of the Slovak Republic. The cession of legally binding acts, which require implementation, is executed by law or by Government decree in accordance with Article 120 (2) .
373. The Slovak Republic can, with the aim of maintaining peace, security and the democratic order, enter an organization of mutual collective security under conditions established by international treaty.
384. For the validity of international treaties concerning human rights and international treaties, international political treaties, international treaties of a military nature, from which arises the membership in international organizations, international economic treaties of a general nature, international treaties, for whose implementation a law is required, and international treaties, which directly establish rights or obligations of physical persons or juridical persons, the consent of the National Council of a Slovak Republic is required.
395. International treaties concerning human rights and fundamental freedoms, international treaties, for whose implementation a law is required, and international treaties, which directly establish rights or obligations of physical persons or juridical persons and which were ratified and promulgated in the manner established by law, have precedence before those (established) by laws.
41The Slovak Republic supports the national consciousness and cultural identity of Slovaks living abroad, supports its institutions created for the attainment of this purpose and relations with the motherland (s materskou Krajinou) .
612. Fundamental rights shall be guaranteed in the Slovak Republic to every person regardless of gender, race, color, language, faith, religion, political affiliation or conviction, national or social origin, nationality or ethnic origin, property, birth or any other status. No one may be disadvantaged in legal rights, discriminated against or favored on any of these grounds.
623. Every person has the right to freely decide his or her nationality. All manner of influence or coercion that may affect or lead to a denial of a person’s original nationality shall be prohibited.
714. When imposing restrictions on constitutional rights and freedoms, respect must be given to the essence and meaning of these rights and freedoms and such restrictions shall be used only for specifically defined purposes.
852. No one shall be prosecuted or deprived of liberty unless for reasons and by methods set by law. No person shall be deprived of liberty merely for his or her inability to fulfill contractual obligations.
863. The (person) accused or suspected of a criminal offense may be arrested under circumstances established by law. The arrested person must be immediately informed of the reasons for the arrest and after interrogation within at most 48 hours set free or turned over to the court. The judge must within 48 hours, and in particularly serious criminal acts, within 72 hours from the transfer, decide on his detention or release (propusteni na slobodu) .
874. the accused can be detained only on a written reasoned order of a judge. The detained person must be within 24 hours turned over to a judge. The judge must, within 48 hours, and in specially serious criminal offences, in 72 hours hear the detained person and decide on (pre-trial) detention or release (propusteni na slobodu) .
896. The law specifies, in what cases it is permissible (možno) to transfer (prevziat’) a person to a mental hospital and to keep him [her] there without the person’s consent. This arrangement must be reported to a court within 24 hours, which decides on his placement within five days.
1052. For the purposes of safeguarding the needs of the society, the interests of the general public, and the advancement of the national economy, the law shall establish certain property (including that defined in Article 4) of this Constitution as the exclusive property of the State, the municipality or specific juridical persons. In addition, the law can specify which property may be owned only by individual citizens or juridical persons residing in the Slovak Republic.
1063. Ownership obligates. Property may not be misused to cause injury to another person or in contradiction to the public interests protected by law. The exercise of property rights must not be detrimental to the health of other people, wild life, cultural sites or the environment beyond the standards fixed by law.
1113. Other infringements upon the inviolability of the home shall be legally justified only in circumstances where, in a democratic society, it is necessary to protect life, health, property, civil rights and freedoms or to avert a serious threat to public order. In cases where the home is used for business and other enterprising activities, such infringement may be legally justified for the purposes of public administration.
1142. No one shall violate the secrecy of letters, other communications and written messages kept private or delivered by post or otherwise, except in cases specified by law. This provision applies to communications delivered by telephone, telegraph and other similar means.
1183. Freedoms defined in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this Article may be limited by law only if such limits are necessary in order to protect national security, public order, the health, rights and freedoms of other people, or in order to protect the environment in designated areas.
1194. Every citizen has the right to enter the Slovak Republic. No citizen may be forced to emigrate or be expelled from his or her native country or be extradited to a foreign country. A citizen cannot be forced to leave the country and he cannot be expelled.
1221. Freedom of thought, conscience, religion and faith are guaranteed. This right includes the right to change religion or faith and the right to refrain from a religious affiliation. Every person has the right to publicly express his or her opinion.
1232. Every person has the right to express freely his or her own religious conviction or faith alone or in association with others, privately or publicly, by worship, religious services or ceremonies and participation in religious instruction.
1243. Churches and religious societies administer their own affairs. All ecclesiastic authorities and appointments, religious instruction, establishment of religious orders and other religious institutions shall be separate from the state organs.
1254. The rights under paragraphs (1) to (3) of this Article can be legally restricted only as a measure taken in a democratic society for the protection of the public order, health, morality or rights and freedoms of others.
1322. Every person has the right to express his or her opinion in words, writing, print, images and any other means, and also to seek, receive and disseminate ideas and information both nationally and internationally. No approval process shall be required for publication of the press. Radio and television companies may be required to seek permission from governmental authorities to set up private businesses. Further details shall be provided by law.
1344. Freedom of expression and the right to receive and disseminate information may be lawfully limited only where, in a democratic society, it is necessary to protect rights and freedoms of others, state security, law and order, health and morality.
1355. The organs of public power are obligated to provide information in a reasonable manner about their activities in the state language. The conditions and the manner of implementation are established by law.
1371. The right to petition is guaranteed. Every person has the right to address state organs or organs of territorial self-administration in individual and public matters with petitions, proposals, and complaints either individually or in association with other persons.
1422. The conditions under which this right may be exercised are provided by law in cases of meetings held in public places where, in a democratic society, it is necessary to protect rights and freedoms of others, public order, health and morality, property or state security. (Peaceful) assembly may not be subject to conditions by organs of public administration.
1463. The exercise of rights in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this article may be limited only in cases justified by law where, in a democratic society, it is necessary to protect national security and public order, prevent crime and protect rights and freedoms of others.
1491. Citizens have the right to participate in the administration of public affairs directly or by freely elected representatives. Foreigners with permanent residence on the territory of the Slovak Republic have the right to vote and be elected to the organs of self- administration of the municipalities and to the organs of higher territorial entities.
156Citizens have the right to resist anyone who would abolish the democratic order of human rights and fundamental freedoms set forth in this Constitution, if the activities of constitutional organs or the application of legal rules have become ineffective.
1611. Citizens of national minorities or ethnic groups in the Slovak Republic are guaranteed their full development, particularly the rights to promote their cultural heritage with other citizens of the same national minority or ethnic group, receive and disseminate information in their mother tongues, form associations, and create and maintain educational and cultural institutions. Details are established by law.
1663. The exercise of rights by citizens of a national minority guaranteed by this Constitution may not threaten the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Slovak Republic or discriminate against other citizens.
1713. Citizens have the right to work. The State shall guarantee, within reasonable limits, the material welfare of those who cannot exercise this right through no fault of their own. The terms are specified by law.
1853. The activities of trade unions and other associations formed to protect economic and social interests may be limited by law only where, in a democratic society, such measures may be necessary for the protection of the national security, public order, and rights and freedoms of other persons.
1864. The right to strike is guaranteed. The terms shall be provided by law. Judges, prosecutors, members of the armed forces, and members and employees of the fire and protection squads are disqualified from the exercise of this right.