Tocqueville would later make a similar observation about the superior bounty of Northern farms. He pointed out that the land and growing conditions just north and south of the Ohio River were identical in all respects except that the latter is cultivated by slaves. The farms in Ohio, he claimed, were far more productive than those of Kentucky. He argued that the existence of slavery demolishes the work ethic and impoverishes the population as a whole.
Scholar Profile - luzzell
Martin, who would leave the Convention in disgust and become a prominent Antifederalist, later expanded on this theme of slavery as a moral abomination and affront to the principles of the American Revolution in a diatribe that was published in the Maryland Gazette.
References to the Langkawi Declaration on the Environment and the Lake Victoria Commonwealth Climate Change Action Plan are examples of one of the most recent values adopted by the Commonwealth: Sustainability. This goal has recently been brought to bear on the Commonwealth Games – a competition that brings together sports teams from the Commonwealth members and other territories every four years. Pressure has been mounting to make the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland, at least as committed to the goal of sustainability as the London Olympics of 2012.
The Charter’s emphasis on political, social, and economic development merged well with the theme of the 2013 Commonwealth Day: “Opportunity through Enterprise – Unlocking potential with innovation and excellence.”
One impetus for the call to write a Commonwealth Charter was the perceived need to address the laws against homosexuality that exist in a large majority of the member countries. In some cases, these laws prohibiting homosexual acts are enforced with the harshest of punishments. The wording of this paragraph, which concludes by announcing an implacable opposition to discrimination based on “other grounds” – avoiding the topic of gay rights altogether – demonstrates how difficult it was to reach a consensus of value among a group of countries as diverse as those in this alliance.
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